Sunday, September 30, 2007



The police in India are as old as the nation herself. Ancient India saw police as an instrument under the kings. They were ministers or important individuals who were vested with police functions. The Moghul period some kind of organized patterns set into the police system. However there were glaring differences between systems of policing from one state to another which was noticed by the British. Realizing the need for a unified policing system in India, the British by a process of experimentation evolved the existing pattern of Police that was embodied in the Indian Police Act, Act-V of 1861. Modelled on the pattern of the army, the police personnel are to be utilized mainly for quelling disturbances by the civil population. This system has been the basis for the formation and functioning of all police systems in India that are constantly waging a war against internal enemies.

The Birth of A.P.Police

The AP Police force was born out of the integration of two separate police forces-the police force of the ex-Andhra state and that of the Telangana area in the erstwhile Hyderabad state. The condition of the state during the mid 19th century was one of great anarchy and confusion.


The territory of Telangana was ruled by the dynasty of the Nizam founded by Asaf Jah, a general in the army of the Mughal emperor Aurangazeb. He and his successors ruled the entire Deccan region with assistance and guidance from the French. In the districts the policing work was performed by irregular troops—the Sibandi peons, the Nizamats and the village servants. In the Marattawari districts the task was assigned to the Ramosis and Jaglias; in the Kanara districts the task of policing was assigned to the Setsindhis and Talayaris while most of the Telangana region was monitored by the Mannevars and Mazkuris. Armed with the authority to investigate arrest, liberate or punish the guilty these village servants in return for the police duties performed by them held lands and received a share of the yield from the villagers.


Most of the Andhra region was for a long time under the Vijayanagar dynasty that was founded by Sri Krishnadevaraya in 1509. The organization of the police during this period was called the Kaveli System or the Hindoo Police. In each village, town, city and district were stationed officers of police with gradations of rank and numbers of retainers commensurate with their ranges, from that of the humblest Kavilgar to the most powerful Poligar. The Kavilgars were entrusted the internal security and tranquility of the state. They were armed and paid by means of contributions from every inhabitant in addition to an assessment amount. The Poligars were expected to join the king’s army in times of external danger. They were entrusted with the safety of public property and were armed with the means and paid for the purpose of protecting it. They were held responsible and questioned for all thefts, robberies, depredation, detection and apprehension of public offenders. When the British came in the 19th century they introduced a system of policing that initiated a process of transition from military diplomacy to a modernized system.

It was the Madras Act XXIV of 1859 which marked the beginning of the Madras Police and shortly later, the Police Act of 1861 instituted the system of police which forms the foundation of modern day police in India. The "Ceded Areas" of Andhra, as they were popularly known, continued as a part of the Madras Police and it was only in October 1953, after the birth of a separate Andhra State, that the Andhra State Police gained individual existence. Finally with the formation of the Andhra Pradesh on the 1st November 1956 integrating the Telugu areas of the erstwhile Hyderabad state with the Andhra State, the modern day Andhra Pradesh Police came into existence.

The Police Act 1861 instituted the system of policing which is in force in India today. It is Act V that regulates the organization, recruitment and discipline of the India Police. With the induction of the Police Code in 1865 and the creation of the post of Inspector General of Police, there was a marked improvement in the law and order scenario in the country.

With the advent of Independence of India in 1947, the Nizam of Hyderabad envisaged an independent suzerainty of his dynasty and Muslim rule. However the police action in September, 1948 dispelled the Nizams notions and after strenuous efforts by the police and army to restore law and order, Hyderabad became a part of the Indian Union on the 26th January 1950.

Thus was born a new Andhra Pradesh, a land of multifarious hues and people that boasts of a strong and uncompromising yet empathetic and responsive Police Force. Soft temperaments laced with firm action, the Andhra Pradesh Police, created on 1st November 1956 with a rich, colorful and varied history was born of the amalgamation of two separate police forces—the police force of the erstwhile Andhra state and that of the Telangana area in the erstwhile Hyderabad state.


APCID Department
Assam State Police
Chattisgarh State Police
Cochin Police
Delhi State Police
Police Training College, Delhi
Goa State Police
Haryana Police
Himachal Pradesh
Karnataka Police
Kerala Police
Kolkata Police
Kolkata City Traffic Police
Bilaspur Police
Chattarpur Police
Gwalior Police
Sidhi Police
Mumbai Police
Pune Police
Punjab Police
Rajasthan Police
Trivandrum City Police
Uttaranchal Police
Uttar Pradesh Police
Security & Investigation Services
National Crime Records Bureau
Central Bureau of Investigation


Increasing population, urbanization, industrialization and better communication has made the job of Policemen even more arduous, risky and unpredictable over the years. Responsible for maintenance of Law and Order, regulating traffic, prevention and detection of crime, VIP security, combating extremism…today a Policeman shoulders multifarious duties and responsibilities. Their job keeps them away from their families and loved ones for hours and many a times even for days. They are second to none when duty calls. All these factors make it imperative that in order to maintain the morale of the force special care is taken of the welfare of the policemen and of their families. Working towards this, the Andhra Pradesh State Police has introduced several schemes to look after the welfare of the Policemen and of their families.

A full fledged division under the direct control of the Inspector General of Police (Welfare), this unit carries various welfare activities under the A.P.State Police Welfare Society. A.P.Police Employees Benevolent and Thrift Mutual Association (Bhadratha), A.P.Police Health Care and Family Welfare Trust (Arogya Bhadratha).

The following funds have been constituted under the aegis of the society and are managed by its Management Committee.

  1. A.P. Police Welfare Fund
  2. A.P. Police Education Fund
  3. A.P. Police Widow Fund
  4. A.P.Police Commemoration Day (Flag Fund)
A.P. Police Welfare Fund

The A.P. Police Welfare fund is funded mainly by the periodical grants in aid received from the state government as well as income generated from certain sources like rental of police shopping complexes, donations / contributions from various organizations (which are accepted only with the permission of the state government).

The income gathered from the corpus fund is used for extending interest free loans to the wards of non-gazetted police officers. These loans are granted for the marriage of son/ daughter/ self and dependent sister and for any kind of medical treatment. Apart from these there are numerous activities related to the welfare of Police Personnel and their families which are partially or completely funded by the Central Welfare Fund.

Liberal assistance is given in the form of grant and loan for the establishment of computer training institutes in district police lines or battalion headquarters, so that the children of the police personnel could acquire computer skills and related vocational qualifications. The assistance is also provided for the construction of police rest houses for the non-gazetted police personnel at district headquarters. The visiting policemen can stay at these rest houses on payment of a nominal charge collected to meet the recurring expenditure towards maintenance and upkeep. One such rest house by name "Suvidha Rest House" is also being run at Hyderabad. Apart from this, assistance is also provided for establishing recreation facilities for the police personnel and their families.

Refundable interest-free loans are also provided for establishing LPG godowns and co-operative stores at district/battalion headquarters. From time to time, certain assistance is also provided for arranging medical camps for the police personnel and their family members. A departmental store called "Suvidha" is being run at Hyderabad which aims to supply items of daily necessity to police families at competitive rates.

AP Police Education Fund
The corpus of the A P Police Education Fund is generated from the monthly subscription of Rs 5 and Rs 10 collected from the various ranks of non-gazetted officers and ministerial staff. Out of the corpus and income generated from it, children of police officers, who score good marks, are granted educational grants ranging from Rs I ,000 to Rs 6,000 and loans for higher studies. Three "Police Boys Hostels" are being run to provide free boarding, lodging and educational facilities in the local schools for the orphan police children at Amberpet (Hyderabad), Guntur and Nellore. The entire expenditure of running these hostels is met from the Educational Fund. The admission to these hostels is restricted to the children of deceased non-gazetted police personnel in the age group of8-18 years.

A P Police Widow Fund
The A P Police Widow Fund, managed by the APPW Society, is also made up by monthly subscriptions of Rs 4 & Rs 8 received from the non-gazetted police officers. The widow fund thus collected is used for giving one-time grant of Rs 460 to the widows of the non-gazetted police officers. Apart from the above subscription, the non-gazetted police officers also make one-time contribution of Rs 200 at the time of recruitment and the amount so collected is used for paying a lumpsum corpus amour It of Rs. 10,000 to the widows of the non-gazetted ~olice officers who die in harness. An additional corpus amount ofRs 10,000 is paid, if death happens due to extremist violence.

A P Police Commemoration Day Flag Fund
On the occasion of the Commemoration Day observed on October 2 I of every year, commemoration day flag stickers are sold to the general public for voluntary contribution at Rs 5. The fund so generated is used for extending assistance to the families of deceased police personnel for Medicare and educational need of minor children. Similar benefits are also extended to in-service personnel and their families in emergent situations.

A comprehensive social security scheme, called "Bhadratha" was introduced on March I, 1997 with the approval of the government vide Memo. No. 15-850/P0 I .A 1/97 -I dated 28- 2 -1997 of the Home Department to provide substantial financial relief to the families of the employees who die in harness.

The association has been registered under the A P (Telangana Area) Public Societies Registration Act and the scheme is managed bya managing committee nominated by DG & IG who is its chairman. The scheme aims at and also provides financial relief to the employees who are permanently disabled or partially disabled due to accident or disease. All these benefits are available out of corpus made by the board, irrespective of the age of the employee.

The nominee of the employee who dies while in service is paid Rs I lakh in case of Rs I 00 and Rs 2 lakh in case of subscription of Rs. 200. An additional ex-gratia of Rs1s,aaa is also paid in case of unnatural death other than suicide. The entire subscription of the employee is also returned to the member on retirement/family members in event of his / her death. An ex -gratia of Rs 15,000 is also paid to a member who sustains total permanent disablement i.e. loss of two limbs either upper or lower, both eyes or total vision loss in both eyes. An ex-gratia of Rs 7,500 is payable in case the member sustains partial permanent disablement i.e. loss of one limb either lower or upper as a result of an accident or disease. The scheme also has a provision to sanction loans at an attractive rate of interest for purchase of a house site, ready built house/ flat, or construction of a house. The loans are also given for purchase of personal computers.

Arogya Bhadratha
The Arogya Bhadratha' Scheme, a self-group health insurance scheme, has been introduced to take care of serious ailments/medical conditions of police personnel and their dependent family members, including those on deputation with other departments: The scheme started functioning from January 15, 1999 is managed by the board trust consists of 1 1 members of whom the DG & IGP is the permanent trustee and ex-officio chairman. Inspector General of Police (Welfare) functions as the vice-chairman for the scheme.

All categories of employees working in the A P Police Department on a regular basis are eligible to become members of the scheme on payment of a monthly subscription amount of Rs 40. Each member is provided with an identity card duly affixing stamp size photograph of the member and his/her family member. The scheme is essentially designed to provide in-patient/out-patient treatment in serious ailments/medical conditions identified and notified by the board trust from time to time. The scheme does not envisage referring members for general check up, routine investigations, diagnostic tests, treatment of common ailments, etc.

The scheme has identified 16 super speciality/ single speciality hospitals, as on date, and these are accredited for the purpose of extending medical treatment to the member employees and their family members for the listed ailments/medical condition. The payment to these hospitals is made as per agreed tariff, which is normally not more than what is charged by the Nizam's Institute of Medical Sciences. The scheme authorizes the unit officers to refer the patients to the accredited hospitals in terms of G.O. Ms. No.65 dated February 16, 2001, Health, Medical and Family Welfare (K I) Department and as per the laid down norms by the scheme.

In addition to the above mentioned welfare measures, the government has introduced other benefits for the families of the police personnel killed by extremists/anti-social elements and while on official duties. The disbursal of benefits granted under these government schemes are also overseen by the Welfare Division of the DGP Office.

Group Personnel Accident Insurance Policy
In view of the increasing risk of life faced by the policemen during the course of their duties, the government has introduced a Group Personnel Accident Policy which pays the entire premium for the same. The officers who receive injuries leading to total/partial disablement are also entitled for 100% and 50% of the sum assured as per the conditions of the Group Personnel Accident Insurance Policy.


Maithri is the name given to Community Policing in Andhra Pradesh. It is a Police-Public partnership programme. This programme orients the way the police should think and act. It broadens the police mandate beyond the narrow focus of fighting crime to include efforts to fight fear of crime and disorder as well. This philosophy provides an organizational strategy that motivates police officers to solve community problems in new and innovative ways. It envisages that the police must closely work with the people in the community by allowing average citizens a say in the police process, in exchange for their support and participation.

Maithri rests on the belief that contemporary community problems require a decentralized and personalized police approach which involves citizens in the process of policing themselves. It creates a positive shift in the role of the police from “working against the bad people” to “working with the good people” in the society. As a result, police no longer remain law enforcers but take the role of facilitators and mentors to the society.

The programme has become a great success, as people started appreciating police-public partnership in making the society safer. By August 2002 as much as 25% of the habitations were covered under Maithri, with as many as 6900 Maithri Committees with a membership of about 2.7 lakh citizens.


Realizing the need for better Police Community relations, the AP Police has initiated several measures for meeting the present day Policing needs . Maithri was launched in the year 2000 through out the State. The mission of Maithri being " To render curteous, compassionate and caring response and increase public confidence in plice with respect to maintenance of peace and order and feeling of safety from crime.

Fascinating Facts - AP Police

  • 86,768 - Strong Force Serving 9 Crore + Population spread over 2,75,000 sq. kms..
  • 1585 Police Station spread over 23 districts and 4 commisionerates
  • 13 battalions of AP Special Armed Poilce
  • A well trained and equipped elite guards (Grey Hounds Unit)
  • A Premier Training Academy for developing officers and men (Andhra Pradesh Police Academy)
  • ISO 9002 certified Forensic Science Laboratory
  • R&D Centre for establishing best practices and innovative measures
  • Emphasis on Human excellence with citizen-centric policies and processes
  • Mythri Communities (Community Policing)
  • Introduction of Central Complaint Cells in the District Head Quarters
  • Introduction of Reception Centers in the Police Stations
  • Examination of Under/Trial prisoners by courts through video conferencing.
  • DNA Finger Printing
  • Emphasis on in-service training in A.P police